Uqikelelo lweGartner lweeTekhnoloji ezi-10 eziPhezulu zango-2011

Iidipozithi iifoto 43250467 s

Kunika umdla ukufunda Uqikelelo lukaGartner lwetekhnoloji ephezulu ye-10 yowama-2011… Kwaye phantse zonke iinkcukhacha zichaphazela intengiso yedijithali. Nokuba inkqubela phambili kugcino kunye nakwizixhobo zokusebenza zichaphazela amandla eenkampani ekunxibelelaneni okanye ekwabelaneni ngolwazi nabathengi kunye nethemba ngokukhawuleza nangokufanelekileyo.

Iitekhnoloji eziShumi eziPhezulu zango-2011

  1. Ukhomyutha yamafu -Iinkonzo zekhompyuter yelifu zikhona ecaleni kwembonakalo kuluntu oluvulekileyo ukuya kubucala oluvaliweyo. Iminyaka emithathu ezayo iya kubona ukuhanjiswa kwendlela yeenkonzo zelifu eziwela phakathi kwezi zinto zimbini zigqithisileyo. Abathengisi baya kubonelela ngokusetyenziswa kwamafu abucala okuhambisa ubuchwephesha benkonzo yamafu kuluntu (isoftware kunye / okanye izixhobo zekhompyutha) kunye neendlela (okt, ezona ndlela zilungileyo zokwakha kunye nokuqhuba inkonzo) ngendlela enokuthi yenziwe ngaphakathi kwishishini lomthengi. Uninzi luya kubonelela ngeenkonzo zolawulo ukulawula kude ukuphunyezwa kwenkonzo yelifu. UGartner ulindele ukuba amashishini amakhulu abe neqela elinamandla lokufumana ulwazi ngo-2012 elinoxanduva lokuthatha izigqibo kunye nolawulo.
  2. Izicelo eziSelfowuni kunye neethebhulethi zeendaba -U-Gartner uqikelela ukuba ukuphela kuka-2010, i-1.2 yezigidigidi zabantu baya kuphatha iifowuni eziphathwayo ezithengisa urhwebo, ezibonelela ngendawo efanelekileyo yokuhlangana kokuhamba kunye neWebhu. Izixhobo zefowuni ziba ziikhompyuter ngokwazo, ngesixa esimangalisayo sokusebenza kunye nobubanzi bebhendi. Sele kukho amakhulu amawaka ezicelo zamaqonga afana neApple iPhone, ngaphandle kwentengiso encinci (yeqonga elinye kuphela) kunye nesidingo sokufaka iikhowudi ezizodwa.

    Umgangatho wamava okusetyenziswa kwezi zixhobo, onokuthi usebenze indawo, intshukumo kunye neminye imeko ekuziphatheni kwabo, kukhokelela abathengi ukuba banxibelelane neenkampani ngokukhethekileyo kwizixhobo eziphathwayo. Oku kukhokelele kugqatso lokuzikhupha izicelo njengesixhobo sokhuphiswano sokuphucula ubudlelwane kunye nokufumana inzuzo ngaphezulu kwabakhuphiswano abanonxibelelwano olusekwe kwisikhangeli kuphela.

  3. Unxibelelwano lweNtlalontle kunye nokuBambisana Imidiya yokuncokola inokwahlulahlulwa: (1) Unxibelelwano lwasentlalweni-iimveliso zolawulo lweprofayile yoluntu, ezinje nge-MySpace, i-Facebook, i-LinkedIn kunye ne-Friendster kunye netekhnoloji yohlalutyo lwenethiwekhi (SNA) ezisebenzisa ubuchwephesha bokuqonda kunye nokusebenzisa ubudlelwane babantu ukufumanisa yabantu kunye nobungcali. (2) Ukusebenzisana kwezentlalo —ubuchwephesha, obunjenge-wikis, iibhlog, ukuthumela imiyalezo ngokukhawuleza, i-ofisi yokusebenzisana kunye nokuhanjiswa kwabantu. (3) Ukupapashwa kwezentlalo -ubuchwephesha obanceda uluntu ekuhlanganiseni umxholo ngamnye kwindawo yokugcina izinto enokusebenziseka nenokufikelelwa luluntu njenge-Youtube kunye ne-flickr. (4) Ingxelo yezentlalo-ukufumana ingxelo kunye noluvo oluvela eluntwini kwizinto ezithile njengoko kungqinwe kwiYouTube, kwiFlickr, kwiDigg, eDel.icio.us naseAmazon. UGartner uqikelela ukuba ngo-2016, ubuchwephesha kwezentlalo buya kudityaniswa nezicelo ezininzi zeshishini. Iinkampani kufuneka zidibanise iiCRM zentlalo, unxibelelwano lwangaphakathi kunye nentsebenziswano, kunye namanyathelo ezentlalo yoluntu kwisicwangciso esilungelelanisiweyo.
  4. yokuzonwabisa -Ividiyo ayisiyo ifomathi yemithombo yeendaba entsha, kodwa ukusetyenziswa kwayo njengohlobo oluqhelekileyo losasazo olusetyenziswa kwiinkampani ezingezizo ezonxibelelwano lwanda ngokukhawuleza. Iindlela zetekhnoloji yokufota ngokwamanani, elektroniki yabathengi, iwebhu, isoftware kwezentlalo, unxibelelwano olumanyeneyo, ithelevishini esekwe kwidijithali kunye ne-Intanethi kunye nekhompyuter yeselfowuni zonke zifikelela kwiindawo ezinokubangela ividiyo ibekho kwindawo ephambili. Kule minyaka mithathu izayo uGartner ukholelwa ukuba ividiyo iya kuba luhlobo lomxholo oqhelekileyo kunye nemodeli yokunxibelelana yabasebenzisi abaninzi, kwaye ngo-2013, ngaphezulu kwepesenti ezingama-25 zomxholo obonwa ngabasebenzi ngosuku ziya kulawulwa yimifanekiso, ividiyo okanye odiyo.
  5. Uhlalutyo lwesizukulwana esilandelayo -Ukonyusa ukubanakho kweekhompyuter kubandakanya izixhobo eziphathwayo kunye nokuphucula unxibelelwano kunika amandla utshintsho kwindlela amashishini azixhasa ngayo izigqibo zokusebenza. Kuyenzeka ukuba kusebenze ukulinganisa okanye iimodeli ukuqikelela isiphumo sexesha elizayo, kunokuba kunikezelwe ngokujonga idatha ebuyayo malunga nonxibelelwano lwangaphambili, kunye nokwenza ezi zibikezelo ngexesha lokwenyani ukuxhasa isenzo ngasinye seshishini. Ngelixa oku kungadinga utshintsho olubonakalayo ekusebenzeni nakwiziseko zophuhliso lwezobuntlola, amandla okuba khona ukuvula uphuculo olubalulekileyo kwiziphumo zeshishini nakwamanye amaqondo empumelelo.
  6. Uhlalutyo lweNtlalo -Ntlalontle kubahlalutyi ichaza inkqubo yokulinganisa, ukuhlalutya nokutolika iziphumo zonxibelelwano kunye nemibutho phakathi kwabantu, izihloko kunye nemibono. Olu nxibelelwano lunokwenzeka kwizicelo zesoftware esetyenziswa kwindawo yokusebenza, ngaphakathi okanye ngaphandle ejongene noluntu okanye kwiwebhu yoluntu. Ezentlalo kubahlalutyi lixesha lesambrela elibandakanya inani leendlela zokuhlalutya ezinje ngokuhluza kwezentlalo, uhlalutyo lwenethiwekhi yoluntu, uhlalutyo lweemvakalelo kunye nemidiya yoluntu kubahlalutyi. Izixhobo zokuhlalutya kwenethiwekhi yoluntu ziluncedo ekuvavanyeni ubume bezentlalo kunye nokuxhomekeka kunye neepateni zomsebenzi zabantu, amaqela okanye imibutho. Uhlalutyo lwenethiwekhi yoluntu lubandakanya ukuqokelela idatha kwimithombo emininzi, ukuchonga ubudlelwane, kunye nokuvavanya ifuthe, umgangatho okanye ukusebenza kobudlelwane.
  7. Umxholo-Ukwazi iComputer -Amaziko ekhompyuter awaziyo umxholo wokusebenzisa ulwazi malunga nomsebenzisi wokugqibela okanye imeko yendalo, unxibelelwano lwemisebenzi kunye nokukhetha ukuphucula umgangatho wokunxibelelana naloo msebenzisi. Umsebenzisi wokugqibela angangumthengi, iqabane loshishino okanye umqeshwa. Inkqubo yolwazi ngokomxholo ilindele iimfuno zomsebenzisi kwaye isebenze ngokufanelekileyo isiqulatho esifanelekileyo nesenziwe ngokwezifiso, imveliso okanye inkonzo. UGartner uqikelela ukuba ngo-2013, ngaphezulu kwesiqingatha seenkampani ezingama-Fortune 500 ziya kuba namanyathelo okuqonda imeko zekhompyuter kwaye ngowama-2016, isinye kwisithathu sentengiso yabathengi abahambahambayo iya kuba sisiseko sokwazisa umxholo.
  8. Imemori yeKlasi yoGcino -U-Gartner ubona ukusetyenziswa okukhulu kwememori ye-flash kwizixhobo zabathengi, izixhobo zokuzonwabisa kunye nezinye iinkqubo ze-IT ezigxunyekwe ngaphakathi. Ikwabonelela ngendawo entsha yolawulo oluphezulu kwiiseva nakwiikhompyuter zabaxhasi ezinezinto eziphambili- indawo, ubushushu, ukusebenza kunye noburhabaxa phakathi kwabo. Ngokungafaniyo ne-RAM, imemori ephambili kwiiseva nakwiiPC, imemori yefleshi iyaqhubeka nokuba kususwe amandla. Ngale ndlela, ijongeka ngakumbi njengediski yediski apho ulwazi lubekwe khona kwaye kufuneka lusinde kumandla-phantsi kunye nokuqalisa kwakhona. Ngokunikwa kwipremiyamu yeendleko, ukwakha nje idisk drive eqinileyo ukusuka kwifleshi kuya kubopha indawo exabisekileyo kuyo yonke idatha kwifayile okanye ivolumu iphela, ngelixa umaleko omtsha obhekiswe ngokucacileyo, ingeyonxalenye yenkqubo yefayile, uvumela ukubekwa ekujolise kuko kuphela Izinto eziphakamileyo eziphezulu zolwazi ezifuna ukufumana umxube wentsebenzo kunye nokuzingisa okufumaneka kwimemori yefleshi.
  9. Ikhompyutha ekuyo yonke indawo -Umsebenzi kaMark Weiser kunye nabanye abaphandi kwi-Xerox's PARC upeyinta umfanekiso wesangqa sesithathu sekhompyuter apho iikhompyuter zingeniswe ngokungabonakaliyo kwihlabathi. Njengoko iikhompyuter zisanda kwaye njengoko izinto zemihla ngemihla zinikwa amandla okunxibelelana neethegi zeRFID kunye nabalandelayo, iinethiwekhi ziya kusondela kwaye zigqithise isikali esinokulawulwa ngeendlela eziqhelekileyo zesiko. Oku kukhokelela kwindlela ebalulekileyo yokufaka iinkqubo zekhompyuter kwitekhnoloji yokusebenza, nokuba yenziwe njengetekhnoloji yokuthomalalisa okanye ilawulwa ngokucacileyo kwaye idityaniswe ne-IT. Ukongeza, isinika isikhokelo esibalulekileyo kwinto esinokuyilindela ngezixhobo ezandayo zobuqu, ifuthe lokuthenga kubasebenzisi kwizigqibo ze-IT, kunye namandla afunekayo aya kuqhutywa luxinzelelo lokunyuka kwamaxabiso ngokukhawuleza kwinani leekhompyuter lomntu ngamnye.
  10. Izibonelelo ezisekwe kumalaphu kunye neekhompyuter -Ikhompyuter esekwe kwilaphu yimo yeemodyuli zekhompyuter apho inkqubo inokudityaniswa kwiimodyuli zebhloko zokwakha ezixhumeke kwilaphu okanye kutshintshelwe umva umva. Kwifom yayo esisiseko, ikhompyuter esekwe kwilaphu ine-processor eyahlukileyo, imemori, i-O / O, kunye neemodyuli ezothulwayo (i-GPU, i-NPU, njl.njl.) Ezixhume kunxibelelwano olutshintshiweyo kwaye, okubalulekileyo, isoftware efunekayo ukumisela nokulawula inkqubo (s) eziphumo. Imodeli esekwe kumalaphu (i-FBI) imodeli yokuthintela izixhobo ezibonakalayo- iiprosesa, ii-bandwidth zenethiwekhi kunye nokunxibelelana kunye nokugcinwa- kumachibi ezixhobo alawulwa nguMphathi wePhuli yePhuli yeZibonelelo (i-FRPM), ukusebenza kwesoftware. I-FRPM yona iqhutywa licandelo le-software yeRhuluneli yeXesha leNene (i-RTI). I-FBI inokubonelelwa ngumthengisi omnye okanye liqela labathengisi abasebenza ngokusondeleleneyo, okanye ngomdibanisi- ngaphakathi nangaphandle.

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