This may be one of the most frightening events that's threatened free speech and the free press in this country. The Senate has passed a umthetho wekhaka losasazo obo buchwephesha buchaziweyo kwaye kuphela kodidi olukhuselekileyo lwentatheli ngabo babandakanyekayo imisebenzi esemthethweni yokuqokelela iindaba.
Ukusuka kwimbono yeenyawo ezingama-10,000, umthetho osayilwayo ubonakala ngathi ngumbono omkhulu. Iphephandaba i-LA Times lide layibiza ngokuba “nguMthetho oYilwayo wokukhusela intatheli”. Ingxaki lulwimi olusisiseko oluvumela urhulumente ukuba achaze ukuba yintoni a intatheli ngubani, ngubani a intatheli yi, okanye yintoni ukuqokelela iindaba ngokusemthethweni na.
Here's my take. Citizen journalism is applying insurmountable pressure on our government that's exposing a ton of issues. Of course there's bi-partisan support to redefine and narrow the scope of who or what a journalism is. Anyone threatening to expose government problems may lose their protections of the press under our Constitution. All politicians would love that… it means they could apply government forces to threaten and intimidate those they disagree with.
Nokuba uyavuma na Edward Snowden or not, the information he released informed the public and caused outrage of the programs where the NSA was spying on us. This bill doesn't impact the legalities of what Snowden did. Frighteningly, it could impact whether or not the journalist who released it was legitimate, though, had he been an American citizen. Was releasing classified materials ukuqokelela iindaba ngokusemthethweni?
Phakathi kowe-1972 nowe-1976, uBob Woodward noCarl Bernstein bavela njengezona ntatheli zimbini zidumileyo eMelika kwaye bachongwa ngonaphakade njengezintatheli ezaphula iWatergate, elona bali likhulu kwezopolitiko zaseMelika. Uninzi lolwazi ababelunikiwe lwenziwa ngokufumana ulwazi ngaphakathi kwi-White House. Ngaba oko ukuqokelela iindaba ngokusemthethweni?
Perhaps Republicans in power could state that MSNBC is not legitimate. Perhaps Democrats in power could state Fox News isn't legitimate. What if one journalist exposes a huge government scandal through Ngaphantsi kokuqokelelwa kweendaba ngokusemthethweni? Ngaba unokuphoswa entolongweni kunye nehlazo elingcwatyelwe? Ezi ziingxaki nje kwimithombo yeendaba zemveli. Kuya kusiba kubi xa ucinga nge-Intanethi kwaye nokuba ukubhala inqaku kwi-Wiki kukhuselwe (awunakuchazwa njengablogi okanye intatheli).
What about when you start a Facebook page to oppose or support a topic. You spend a ton of time curating information the internet, sharing it on your Facebook page, growing an audience and building a community. Are you a journalist? Is your Facebook page protected? Did you gather the information you shared legitimately? Or… could you get sued by the opposition, the community shut down, and even get locked up because you're not protected under the Government's definition.
Ngemidiya yoluntu kunye newebhu yedijithali, phantse wonke umntu othabatha inxaxheba uqokelela kwaye abelane ngeendaba. Sonke kufuneka sikhuselwe.
Emuva xa kwakubhalwa uMgaqo-siseko, nawuphi na umntu oqhelekileyo kwisitalato owayenokuboleka okanye afumane umatshini wokushicilela intatheli. If you go back and review some of the single page papers that were printed back then, they were atrocious. Politicians were smeared with absolute lies to misrepresent them to the public in order to bury their political aspirations. Being a journalist didn't require a degree… you didn't even have to spell or use proper grammar! And news organizations didn't appear until decades later as newspapers began to buy up the smaller circulations. This led to the news media moguls we have today.
Iintatheli zokuqala zazingabemi bokufumana ilizwi. Kwakukho iqanda mthethweni ukuba bajolise kubani na, balufumana njani ulwazi, okanye balupapasha phi. Ukanti… iinkokheli zelizwe lethu… ezazisoloko zijolise kolu hlaselo… bakhetha ukukhusela amalungelo okuthetha ngokukhululekileyo kunye nobuntatheli. Bakhethe, ngenjongo, ukuba bangachazi ukuba yintoni i-media, zaziqokelelwa njani iindaba, okanye zenziwa ngubani.