Ukuthengiswa kwe-Agile yi-Evolution, hayi inguquko, kwaye kutheni kufuneka uyamkele

incwadi yentengiso ye-agile

Ukusuka kwizakhiwo zokwakha isoftware.

Ngeminyaka yee-1950 Imodeli yokuPhuhliswa kweNgxangxasi yaqaliswa kuyilo lwesoftware kunye nophuhliso. Inkqubo sisixhobo seshishini lokuvelisa apho, ngokuyimfuneko, impendulo eyiyo kuye kwanyanzeleka ukuba icetywe phambi kokuba kuqalwe umsebenzi. Kwaye, kwelo hlabathi, impendulo eyiyo iyavakala! Ngaba unokucinga imeko apho uthathe isigqibo sokwakha skyscraper ngokwahlukileyo kwisiqingatha sendlela yokwakha?

Oko kwathiwa, imveliso yokusetyenziswa kwale nkqubo kuphuhliso lwesoftware kukuba uyilo lwesoftware (inqaku + ux) kufuneka kunene ngaphambili. Umjikelo wophuhliso oqhelekileyo uqalile ngokuThengisa esenza uphando kwimarike kunye nengxaki kunye nokubonelela ngombono ngohlobo loXwebhu lweeMfuno zeMarike kunye / okanye noXwebhu lweMfuno zeMveliso. Iqela lophuhliso liya kuthi emva koko lizimele phantsi kwaye lakhe oko iqela lezentengiso lathi imarike ifuna kwaye xa begqibile babuyisela imveliso egqityiweyo kwiqela lokuthengisa abathe banceda ukuyifumana kumthengi. Le modeli isebenze. Kwaye isebenze kakuhle kwiinkampani ezinje ngeMicrosoft.

Iindawo ezikhawulezayo:

Into engekhoyo kule nkqubo. UMthengi.

Ngasekupheleni kweminyaka engama-90 i-intanethi yayikhula ngokukhawuleza ibe yindawo yokuthengisa eshisayo eqokelelwe ziinkampani ezintsha ze-intanethi kwaye, okubaluleke ngakumbi, yayiqala ukubonelela ngeendlela ezifanelekileyo zokuhambisa isoftware. Akusekho umphuhlisi kufunwa ukuba ahambise imveliso yabo yokugqibela kwiqela leNtengiso kwinkosi yegolide ngoku banokuhambisa ikhowudi yokugqibela ngqo kwi-intanethi kwaye ngqo kumthengi wabo.

Ngokuhanjiswa kwesoftware yabo ngokuthe ngqo kumthengi, abaphuhlisi kunye nabaqulunqi banokufikelela kwangoko kwidatha enobungakanani malunga nendlela imveliso yabo esebenza ngayo. Ayisiyompendulo esemgangathweni evela kuThengiso kodwa yeyona datha yokunxibelelana kwabathengi. Zeziphi izinto ezazisetyenziswa kwaye zazingasetyenziswanga! Zonke iindaba ezilungileyo zilungile? Hayi.

Imodeli yophuhliso lwamanzi kunye neenkqubo zayo zeshishini apho isiqingatha senkulungwane esidlulileyo sibonise indlela ephumeleleyo eyekile ukusebenza. Ayivumeli ingxelo yexesha-lokwenyani. Kwakungekho mbono wokukhawuleza ngokukhawuleza.

I-Anarchists yoMbutho

Ngo-2001 iqela labaphuhlisi kunye neengcinga zombutho zahlangana e Irizothi kwiintaba ze-Utah Ukuxoxa ngendlela inkqubo entsha enokulwenza ngayo unxibelelwano olungcono kubathengi kunye neziphumo zamaqela anamandla kunye nesoftware engcono. Kule ntlanganiso Uphuhliso lwe-Agile intshukumo yazalwa kwaye ngoku ithathwa njengeyona nkqubo iphambili yokwakha isoftware. Cinga nzulu malunga nexesha lokugqibela owadibana nalo iqela lobunjineli elalithetha ngemisebenzi yabo engemva kunye ne-sprints yabo yangoku… ibaluleke kakhulu indlela ekhawulezileyo kwaye ngokupheleleyo le nkqubo yamkelwe ngayo.

Njengokuba abazalwana bethu bezenjineli bebejongana nenye yezona nkqubo ziphazamisayo zokutshintsha amaxesha kwinkulungwane ephelileyo ukuThengisa beme ngokungachaphazeleki. Izibonelelo zethu kubuchule obutsha obufunyenwe kubunjineli yayikukukwazi kwethu oko Iimveliso zethu zithunyelwa ngokuqhubekayo. Ngaphandle koko, sithathe ngokungaboniyo kwiinkqubo zeshishini kunye neenkqubo ebesizisebenzisa kule minyaka ingama-100 idlulileyo. Iseti yenkqubo ekhangeleka ngokufana neModeli yokuPhuhliswa kweNgxangxasi.

I-anarchists yombuthoIntengiso ize ne kunene phendula ngohlobo lomkhankaso, umgca wethegi, ilogo emva koko wemka de sagqitywa ngaphambi kokuba siphume emsebenzini wethu sigqibe umsebenzi wethu kwisitishi esongameleyo. Kwaye kutheni singatshintsha? Le nkqubo izamile kwaye iyinyani isebenze amashumi eminyaka. Kodwa ayisasebenzi kwaye sinoDorsey noZuckerberg ukuba sibulele.

Ukwandiswa kweenethiwekhi zentlalo kwenze ukuba kube lula ngokulula kubathengi bethu kunye nethemba lokuphendula kwimikhankaso yethu, imigca yeethegi kunye neelogo. Yinto elungileyo leyo? Kuya kufuneka nangona kunjalo, kwintengiso, sithintelwe amandla okuphendula ngenxa yokungabikho kweenkqubo zeshishini. Asilulanga.

Ngo-2011, eSan Francisco, iqela labathengisi lahlangana ukuze lixoxe ngeenguqu kwezentlalo nakwezobuchwephesha ezifuna ukuba amaqela ezentengiso asebenze ngokwahlukileyo. Ukwamkelwa ukuba ukufana phakathi kobunjineli kunye nentengiso kufanelekile kwaye iManifesto yoPhuhliso lwe-Agile kufuneka ibe ngumzekelo wentengiso.

Kule ntlanganiso ebizwa Zint Sprint aba bathengisi bayile i I-Agile Manifesto yokuThengisa Kwaye kule minyaka mi-3 idlulileyo siyibonile ingqikelelo yeNtengiso ye-Agile iqala ukubamba.

Yintoni i-Agile?

I-Agile yindlela ehambelanayo yokuhlangabezana neemfuno ezifanelekileyo, zemihla ngemihla zeshishini, ngelixa ligcina ixesha elithile "elingenakwenzeka" lokuphonononga amathuba amatsha kunye nokulinga. I-pendulum ihlala itshintsha phakathi kokuyila izinto ezintsha (ukuza nezimvo ezintsha kunye nokuzama izisombululo zamanoveli) kunye nentengiso (jonga ukuba yeyiphi na imisebenzi abathengi ekufuneka ubenzele yona) kwaye ukuba krwada kukuvumela ukuba usombulule ngokubekwa phambili kokubini.

Indlela yokulwa noMadoda.

Masinyaniseke. Nokuba kungenxa yezithintelo zokwenyani okanye zenkcubeko, uninzi lwamashishini luziva ngathi abanalo ixesha okanye imali yokulinga-kwaye mhlawumbi ngekhe. Kodwa ngaphandle kokwenza ulingelo, imeko yamashishini akuyo ekugqibeleni alahlekelwe ngamashishini aphazamisayo. Ukungazami ukwenza isiseko kumathuba amatsha eshishini kufana nokuthi uxakeke kakhulu ngokwenza imali yokufunda, ukukhula, kunye nokutshintsha kubomi bakho.

Le ngxaki eqhelekileyo ibuza lo mbuzo:

Inkampani yakho ingayisebenzisa njani kwimiceli mngeni ekhawulezileyo yomlilo ngelixa ihlangabezana namanani exesha elifutshane kunye nexesha elide?

Ndiyakholelwa ukuba impendulo kukusebenzisa iindlela ezi-agile, ezibandakanya amanyathelo amancinci, alinganisiweyo, kunye nokuhlola-hayi isicwangciso esinye esikhulu, esibizayo, nesenziwe ngamatye. Ngamanye amagama, i-agile yindlela yokulwa namadoda aMad.

I-Agile inikeza ithuba lokuphonononga iingcamango ezingaziwa ngaphakathi kwenkqubo ezinzileyo enika izinto ezintsha ngamanqanaba athembekileyo okusebenza. Yindlela yokuzama izinto ezintsha kwaye wenze amanani akho. Owona mqobo uphambili kulwakhiwo kukuba iinkampani zemveli azibabandakanyi uninzi lwabasebenzi abenza izinto ezintsha ngenkcazo yendima yomsebenzi, ngezopolitiko, nangokweyisa umngcipheko.

Ukusekwa kwecandelo le-Agile kwiShishini loHlelo

Uluhlu lweKotter izinto ezisibhozo eziyimfuneko Kufuneka ukuba ishishini lemveli liqale ukuphuhlisa inkcubeko yokuhlola ngaphakathi. Ezi zizinto ezifanayo ezifunekayo ukuphuhlisa iinkqubo ze-agile, ndiyakholelwa.
icandelo le-agile-hierarchical

  1. Ukungxamiseka kubaluleke kakhulu Ithuba loshishino okanye isoyikiso kufuneka lingxamiseke ngokwaneleyo ngokwaneleyo ukuba lithathe amanyathelo. Khumbula indlovu. Ubaleka kwiimvakalelo. Fumana isoyikiso anokungena kuyo.
  2. Ukuseka umanyano olukhokelayo -Kulabo bafuna ukuba yinxalenye yenethiwekhi entsha ye-agile, kufuneka bavele kumasebe ahlukeneyo kwaye babe namanqanaba abanzi oxanduva kunye negunya kulawulo oluphezulu. Kwaye, okona kubaluleke kakhulu, amalungu omdibaniselwano kufuneka abe ngamavolontiya kuthungelwano lwe-agile. Oku kukufuna kwiqela labantu, hayi ukuba ube neqela.
  3. Yiba nombono ngophuhliso lwamanyathelo, imibuzo yokufumana iimpendulo, iimvavanyo zokuzama. -Nalo naliphi na ithuba leshishini, phuhlisa umbono wokuba ulindele ukuba uhlolisiso lunokuvela. Nokuba ayilunganga, kuya kufuneka basebenze ukukhuthaza umnqweno wendalo wokwazi. Umbono kufuneka uphumeze umdla kunye nomdla.
  4. Nxibelelana ngombono wokuthenga ngaphakathi kwiqela lonke le-agile nakwinkampani iphela. -Chaza ngokucacileyo iingcinga zakho. Akunyanzelekanga ukuba babone, kodwa kufuneka babenomdla. Nika wonke umntu umbono wokuba kutheni ukhethe inyathelo lokujonga kwaye ukhethe umbhali olungileyo onokuwuchaza ngokucacileyo, ngolwimi olulula.
  5. Ukuxhobisa amanyathelo abanzi. -Amandla olawulo luphezulu yeyona ngxaki yawo. Zonke izigqibo ezithathiweyo zithathelwe phezulu. Inethiwekhi e-agile, izimvo kunye nobuchule bunokuvela nakubani na. Nangona kukho umanyano olukhokelayo, into kukususa izithintelo, hayi ukugcina ikhonkco lomyalelo. Loo mpembelelo bubukhosi obuphakamileyo obuzama ukuphinda ulawulo.
  6. Bhiyozela impumelelo encinci, ebonakalayo, yexesha elifutshane. -Inethiwekhi yakho ye-agile ayizukuhlala ixesha elide ngaphandle kokuba ubonise ixabiso ngokukhawuleza. I-Hierarchy skeptics iya kukhawuleza ityumze iinzame zakho, ke sukuhamba ngokukhawuleza. Yenza into encinci. Khetha inyathelo elifikelelekayo. Yenze kakuhle. Ziqhelanise nenkqubo ye-agile. Oko kuyakwakha umfutho.
  7. Musa ukuyeka. Ngexesha elifanayo ufuna uloyiso, sukuchaza kakhulu uloyiso kungekudala. I-Agile imalunga nokufunda kwiimpazamo kunye nokulungiswa kwakhona. Qhubeka uqhubele phambili, kuba xa ususa unyawo lwakho kwigesi, kulapho kuya kubakho inkcaso kwezopolitiko nakwezopolitiko. Yenza ixesha lamalinge enethiwekhi yakho. Namathela kuyo, nokuba ungakanani umsebenzi oqhelekileyo, umsebenzi oxakekileyo uyavela.
  8. Fakela utshintsho kunye nezifundo ezifundwe kwinkcubeko yeshishini xa lilonke. -Uyile ndlela inethiwekhi e-agile enokuthi yazise ngayo ulawulo. Xa ufumana iindlela ezingcono zokwenza into okanye amathuba amatsha wokulandela, sebenza kwelinye "icala".

Izinto ezintathu eziKhokelayo ekufuneka uziKhumbule

Ayisiyiyo loo manyathelo asibhozo kaKotter aphambili kwimpumelelo, kodwa unika imigaqo-nkqubo emithathu ekhokelayo ekufuneka igcinwe engqondweni.

  1. Amanyathelo asibhozo awalandelelani. La manyathelo ayimodeli, hayi inkqubo okanye inkqubo -yokwakheka, hayi ukuqhubela phambili okuhlelekile. Zonke kufuneka zenzeke, kodwa akufuneki zenzeke nakuluphi na ucwangco. Ungalahli umphunga uzixhalabise kakhulu malunga neodolo.
  2. Uthungelwano lwe-agile kufuneka lwenziwe ngumkhosi wamatsha-ntliziyo. Malunga ne-10% yabasebenzi iya kwanela, okoko nje abantu abakwinethiwekhi bafuna ukubakhona. Sukukhetha wena wedwa okanye uvalwe ekuthatheni inxaxheba, kodwa ungazami nokufuna abantu abayi-100% abanengqondo eyakhekileyo, kuba abayi kukonwabela ukubakhona kwaye abayi kulibona ixabiso layo. Njengoko uKotter esitsho, "Umkhosi wamavolontiya ayililo iqela lokugungqa elenza imiyalelo evela kubhedu. Amalungu ayo ziinkokeli zotshintsho ezizisa amandla, ukuzibophelela, kunye nehlombe."
  3. Eli qela le-agile kufuneka lisebenze nabantu abasebenza ngaphakathi kolawulo oluphezulu, kodwa kufuneka ligcine uthungelwano lokuguquguquka kunye nokuqina. Uthungelwano lufana nenkqubo yelanga kunye nomanyano olukhokelayo kwiziko kunye namanyathelo kunye namanyathelo amancinci ahlangana aze achithakale njengoko kufuneka. Uthungelwano alunakujongwa "njengomsebenzi onobuqhetseba" okanye ulawulo oluphezulu luya kuthi luyichithe.

I-Agile imalunga nobunkokeli, hayi ukuLawula okungakumbi

I-Agile ngumdlalo wokuphinda uqeqeshe indawo yangoku yempangelo ngombono ongcono, ithuba, impendulo, ukubuza, ukwazi, isenzo esiphefumlelweyo kunye nokubhiyozela. HAYI ukuphathwa kweprojekthi, uphononongo lohlahlo-lwabiwo mali, ukunika ingxelo, imixokelelwane yomyalelo, imbuyekezo okanye ukuphendula kuMntu oMad isicwangciso-qhinga sonke. Ziinkqubo ezimbini kumbutho oMNYE ozincedisayo- ungaphindi-enye nenye. Ngokufanelekileyo, abasebenzi abaphumelelayo kwinethiwekhi ye-agile banokuzisa amandla amatsha kulawulo oluphezulu, nabo.

Yintoni eqala njengokuQengqeleka kwamehlo Inokuba Kukuvulwa Kwamehlo- ukuba Uyayivumela

ukuvula i-agile-eyeInethiwekhi entsha e-agile ekuqaleni ingaziva ngathi inkulu, ithambile, i-squishy, ​​umthambo wokuzibandakanya kwabasebenzi. Ilungile! Kuyavela. Ayilulo utshintsho olukhawulezileyo okanye olukhulu. Njengokuzilolonga kweqela, kuthatha inqanaba elithile lokuthuthuzela kunye nokuthembela okuphuculweyo ekuhambeni kwexesha.

Qhubeka uhamba. Gcina amanyathelo amancinci. Zisa uloyiso kwasekuqaleni. Fumana iinyawo zakho phantsi kwakho ngelixa uthengisa inethiwekhi e-agile kulawulo olusele lukhona. Ukuba uyakwenza konke oku, ixabiso leshishini liza kuvela ngaphambi kokuba isigqeba solawulo siligxothe njengesidenge, ngokwahlukileyo, inkcitho yexesha, okanye nantoni na eyenye eyenzelwa ubundlobongela ephuma kwi-90% yokuphosa i-10%.
Namhlanje Inkcitho xesha kukhokelela kwingcinga enkulu yangomso. Umsebenzi we-Agile-njengobuchule ngokwabo-ayingomdlalo we-95% -okanye ngcono amazinga okuphumelela. Ukuba bekunjalo, wonke umntu ebeya kuyenza.

Kwaye ngekhe kubekho thuba, ukuba wonke umntu ebesenza loo nto.

Cwangcisa iNcwadi

Ukukhula ngokukhawuleza. Kutheni ukuthengisa oku-Agile kunye neShishini kungasebenzi nje kodwa kuyadingeka.

incwadi yentengiso ye-agile

Ingaba ucinga ntoni?

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda indlela idatha yakho yokubhaliweyo isetyenziswe ngayo.