Ukumiswa kwedilesi 101: Izibonelelo, iindlela, kunye neengcebiso

Ukumiswa kwedilesi 101: Izibonelelo, iindlela, kunye neengcebiso

Ugqibele nini ukufumana zonke iidilesi kuluhlu lwakho zilandela indlela efanayo kwaye bezingenamposiso? Ungaze, akunjalo?

Ngaphandle kwawo onke amanyathelo anokuthi inkampani yakho iwathathe ukunciphisa iimpazamo zedatha, ukujongana nemiba yomgangatho wedatha - njengokungapelwa kakuhle, iindawo ezingekhoyo, okanye iindawo ezihamba phambili - ngenxa yokungena kwedatha ngesandla - akunakuphepheka. Enyanisweni, uNjingalwazi uRaymond R. Panko kweyakhe iphepha elipapashiweyo igxininise ukuba iimpazamo zedatha yespreadsheet ingakumbi kwiidatha ezincinci zingaba phakathi kwe-18% kunye ne-40%.  

Ukulwa nale ngxaki, ukulungiswa kwedilesi kunokuba sisisombululo esihle. Esi sithuba sigxininisa indlela iinkampani ezinokuzuza ngayo ekulinganiseni idatha, kwaye zeziphi iindlela kunye neengcebiso ezifanele ziqwalasele ukuzisa iziphumo ezijoliswe kuyo.

Yintoni ukubekwa eMgangathweni kweedilesi?

Ukubekwa emgangathweni kweedilesi, okanye ukwenziwa kwedilesi eqhelekileyo, yinkqubo yokuchonga kunye nokufomatha iirekhodi zeedilesi ngokuhambelana nemigangatho yenkonzo yeposi eyaziwayo njengoko ibekiwe kugcino-lwazi olugunyazisiweyo olufana naleyo INkonzo yePosi yase-United States (USPS).

Uninzi lweedilesi azilandeli umgangatho we-USPS, ochaza idilesi esemgangathweni njenge, enye epelwe ngokupheleleyo, ifinyeziwe kusetyenziswa i-Postal Service izifinyezo ezisezantsi, okanye njengoko kubonisiwe kwi-Posi yeNkonzo ye-ZIP+4 ifayile yangoku.

ImiGangatho yeeNtetho zePosi

Ukulinganisa iidilesi kuba yimfuneko engxamisekileyo kwiinkampani ezinamangeniso angangqinelaniyo okanye ngendlela eyahlukileyo ngenxa yeenkcukacha zeedilesi ezingekhoyo (umz., ZIP+4 kunye neekhowudi ze-ZIP+6) okanye iimpawu zobhalo, indawo enkulu, izithuba kunye neempazamo zopelo. Umzekelo woku unikwe ngezantsi:

Iidilesi zokuposa ezisemgangathweni

Njengoko kubonwe kwitheyibhile, zonke iinkcukacha zedilesi zinempazamo enye okanye ezininzi kwaye akukho nanye ehlangabezana nezikhokelo ezifunekayo ze-USPS.

Ukubekwa emgangathweni kweedilesi akufanelekanga ukubhidaniswa nokuhambelana kwedilesi kunye nokuqinisekiswa kwedilesi. Nangona kukho okufanayo, ukuqinisekiswa kwedilesi kumalunga nokuqinisekisa ukuba irekhodi yedilesi ihambelana nerekhodi ekhoyo yedilesi kwi-database ye-USPS. Ukuthelekisa idilesi, kwelinye icala, imalunga nokuthelekisa idatha yedilesi ezimbini ezifanayo ukuqinisekisa ukuba ibhekisa kwiziko elinye okanye hayi.

Okuzuzwayo kwiidilesi ezisemgangathweni

Ngaphandle kwezizathu ezicacileyo zokuhlanjululwa kwedatha, iidilesi ezisemgangathweni zinokubonelela ngeenzuzo ezininzi kwiinkampani. Ezi ziquka:

  • Gcina ixesha lokuqinisekisa iidilesi: ngaphandle kokulinganisa iidilesi, akukho ndlela yokukrokra ukuba uluhlu lweedilesi ezisetyenzisiweyo kwiphulo le-imeyile ethe ngqo lichanekile okanye hayi ngaphandle kokuba ii-imeyile zibuyiswe okanye azifumani mpendulo. Ngokwenza iidilesi ezahlukeneyo zibe zesiqhelo, iiyure ezininzi zamadoda zinokugcinwa ngokuhluza amakhulu eedilesi zokuposa ukuze zichaneke.
  • Nciphisa iindleko zokuposa: Imikhankaso ye-imeyile ngokuthe ngqo inokukhokelela kwiidilesi ezingalunganga okanye ezingalunganga ezinokudala imiba yokuhlawula kunye nokuthunyelwa kwimikhankaso ye-imeyile ngokuthe ngqo. Ukulinganisa iidilesi zokuphucula ukuhambelana kwedatha kunokunciphisa ii-imeyile ezibuyisiweyo okanye ezingathunyelwanga, okukhokelela kumazinga aphezulu empendulo ye-imeyile ngokuthe ngqo.
  • Susa iidilesi eziphindwe kabini: iifomathi ezahlukeneyo kunye needilesi ezineempazamo zinokukhokelela ekuthumeleni kabini ii-imeyile ezininzi kubafowunelwa ezinokuthoba ukwaneliseka kwabathengi kunye nomfanekiso webrand. Ukucoca uluhlu lweedilesi zakho kunokunceda inkampani yakho igcine iindleko ezimoshiweyo zokuhambisa.

Uzibeka njani emgangathweni iidilesi?

Nawuphi na umsebenzi wokwenza idilesi yesiqhelo kufuneka uhlangabezane nezikhokelo ze-USPS ukuze ube nexabiso. Ukusebenzisa idatha egxininiswe kwiThebhile 1, nantsi indlela idatha yedilesi eya kubonakala ngayo xa iqhelekile.

Ngaphambi nasemva kokumiselwa kwedilesi

Ukulinganisa iidilesi kubandakanya inkqubo ye-4-step. Oku kuquka:

  1. Iidilesi zokuthatha ngaphandle: qokelela zonke iidilesi kwimithombo yedatha emininzi - njengespreadsheets ze-Excel, ii-database ze-SQL, njl njl. - kwiphepha elinye.
  2. Idatha yeprofayile yokuhlola iimpazamo: yenza iprofayile yedata usebenzisa ukuqonda umda kunye nodidi lweempazamo ezikhoyo kuluhlu lwakho lweedilesi. Ukwenza oku kunokukunika uluvo olurhabaxa lweendawo ezinokuthi zibe yingxaki ezifuna ukulungiswa phambi kokuba wenze naluphi na uhlobo lomgangatho.  
  3. Iimpazamo ezicocekileyo ukuhlangabezana nezikhokelo ze-USPS: Nje ukuba zonke iimpazamo zichongiwe, unokucoca iidilesi kwaye uzibeke emgangathweni ngokuhambelana nezikhokelo ze-USPS.
  4. Chonga kwaye ukhuphe iidilesi eziphindwe kabini: ukuchonga naziphi na iidilesi eziphindiweyo, unokukhangela ukubalwa kabini kwispredishithi sakho okanye isiseko sedatha okanye usebenzise ngqo okanye ukuthelekiswa okungahambelaniyo ukususa amangeno.

Iindlela zokulinganisa iidilesi

Kukho iindlela ezimbini ezahlukeneyo zokulungisa iidilesi kuluhlu lwakho. Ezi ziquka:

Izikripthi zeManuwali kunye neZixhobo

Abasebenzisi banokufumana ngesandla izikripthi eziqhutywayo kunye nezongezo ukwenza iidilesi ziqheleke ukusuka kumathala eencwadi ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo

  1. Iilwimi zokucwangcisa: I-Python, iJavaScript, okanye i-R inokukwenza ukuba usebenzise idilesi engaqondakaliyo ukudibanisa iidilesi ezichanekanga kwaye usebenzise imigaqo yokumisela emgangathweni ukuze ilungele idatha yakho yedilesi.
  2. Iikhowudi zokugcina: I-GitHub ibonelela ngeetemplates zekhowudi kunye ne-USPS API udibaniso onokulusebenzisa ukuqinisekisa kunye nokulungelelanisa iidilesi.  
  3. IiNdibaniselwano zeNkqubo yokuSebenza: Iinkonzo zomntu wesithathu ezinokudityaniswa nge I-API yokucazulula, ukulinganisa, kunye nokuqinisekisa iidilesi zokuposa.
  4. Izixhobo ezisekelwe kwi-Excel: izongezo kunye nezisombululo ezifana ne-YAddress, i-AddressDoctor Excel Plugin, okanye i-Excel VBA Master inokukunceda ukuba uhlalutye kwaye ulungelelanise iidilesi zakho ngaphakathi kwedatha yakho.

Izibonelelo ezimbalwa zokuhla le ndlela kukuba ayibizi kwaye inokukhawuleza ukwenza idatha yesiqhelo kwiiseti zedatha ezincinci. Nangona kunjalo, ukusebenzisa izikripthi ezinjalo kunokwahlukana ngaphaya kwamawaka ambalwa eerekhodi kwaye ke azifanelanga iiseti zedatha ezinkulu kakhulu okanye ezo zisasazwe kwimithombo eyahlukeneyo.

Isoftware yoQinisekiso lwedilesi

Ukuqinisekiswa kwedilesi ye-off-the-shelf kunye nesofthiwe yesiqhelo nayo ingasetyenziselwa ukulungelelanisa idatha. Ngokuqhelekileyo, izixhobo ezinjalo ziza kunye namacandelo athile okuqinisekisa idilesi - njengesiseko sedatha esihlanganisiweyo se-USPS - kwaye zineprofayili yedatha engaphandle kwebhokisi kunye namacandelo okucoca kunye ne-algorithms ehambelanayo engaqondakaliyo ukulinganisa iidilesi kwisikali.

Kwakhona kubalulekile ukuba isoftware ine CASS iziqinisekiso ukusuka kwi-USPS kwaye idibana nomda wokuchaneka ofunekayo ngokwemiqathango:

  • Ukufakwa kwekhowudi enamanani ama-5-ukusebenzisa ikhowudi ye-ZIP enamanani ama-5 engekhoyo okanye engalunganga.
  • I-ZIP+4 ikhowudi - usebenzisa ikhowudi elahlekileyo okanye engalunganga enedijithi ezi-4.
  • Isalathisi sokuNikezelwa kwendawo yokuhlala (RDI) - ukugqiba ukuba idilesi yendawo yokuhlala okanye yorhwebo.
  • uQinisekiso lweNdawo yokuHanjiswa (I-DPV) - ukugqiba ukuba idilesi iyahanjiswa okanye ayihanjiswa kwi-suite okanye inombolo yeflethi.
  • Umda wokuHamba owomeleziwe (eLOT) - inombolo yokulandelelana ebonisa ukwenzeka kokuqala kokuhanjiswa okwenziwe kwi-add-on range ngaphakathi kwendlela yokuthwala, kunye nekhowudi enyukayo / ehlayo ibonisa ukuhanjiswa komyalelo osondeleyo ngaphakathi kwenombolo yokulandelelana. 
  • Idilesi efumanekayo yoGuqulo lweNdlela yonxulumano (LACSLink) – indlela ezenzekelayo yokufumana iidilesi ezintsha zoomasipala bengingqi abaphumeze inkqubo yongxamiseko ye-911.
  • SuiteIkhonkco® yenza ukuba abathengi babonelele ulwazi oluphuculweyo lokujongana neshishini ngokongeza ulwazi lwesibini (i-suite) olwaziwayo kwiidilesi zeshishini, oluya kuvumela ulandelelwano lonikezelo lwe-USPS apho bekungeke kwenzeke.
  • Kunye nokuninzi…

Iinzuzo eziphambili kukulula apho kunokuqinisekisa kunye nokulinganisa idatha yedilesi egcinwe kwiinkqubo ezingafaniyo ezibandakanya ii-CRM, ii-RDBM kunye ne-Hadoop-based repositories kunye nedatha ye-geocode ukuvelisa i-longitude kunye ne-latitude values.

Ngokubhekiselele kwizithintelo, ezo zixhobo zinokubiza ngaphezulu kakhulu kuneendlela zokuqhelanisa idilesi yezandla.

Yeyiphi iNdlela eNgcono?

Ukukhetha indlela efanelekileyo yokuphucula uluhlu lwakho lweedilesi kuxhomekeke ngokupheleleyo kumthamo weerekhodi zakho zedilesi, istaki seteknoloji, kunye nexesha leprojekthi.

Ukuba uluhlu lwakho lweedilesi lungaphantsi kweerekhodi ezingamawaka amahlanu, ukulinganisa ngePython okanye iJavaScript kunokuba lukhetho olungcono. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba ukufezekisa umthombo omnye wenyaniso kwiidilesi usebenzisa idatha esasazwe kwimithombo emininzi ngexesha elifanelekileyo yimfuno ecinezelayo ngoko i-software ye-CASS-eqinisekisiweyo yokulinganisa idilesi ingaba yinto engcono.